Effect of Home and Family Related Factors on Academic Achievement of Secondary School Students


  • Ayesha Zulfiqar Institute of Education and Research, University of the Punjab, Lahore


Home and family related factors, academic achievement


The purpose of this study was to explore home/family and study related factors and their effect on the students’ academic achievement. This study was based on the descriptive research design in which survey method was used. The population of this study was all students enrolled in 10th in Secondary Schools under the Lahore Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education. The sample of this study was 2010 10th grade students form 60 public secondary schools. The data was collected through questionnaires for exploring the effect of home and family related factors on the students’ academic achievement in Board of Intermediate and Secondary School Examination. For analyzing the data, descriptive and inferential statistics were used. The findings showed that home and family related factors had significant effect on the students’ academic achievement at secondary school level. Only one aspect of home and family i.e. type of accommodation had no significant effect on students’ academic achievement. This study suggested that school administrators who conducted BISE exams and policy makers should also focus on different contextual factors for improving students’ academic achievement


Ali, S., Haider, Z., Munir, F., Khan, H., & Ahmed, A. (2013). Factors contributing to the students’ academic performance: a case study of Islamia university sub-campus. American Journal of Educational Research, 1(8), 283-28. http://doi.10.12691/education-1-8-3.

Bandhana, A., & Sharma, D. P. (2012). Home environment, mental health and academic achievement among higher secondary school students. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 2 (5), 1-4. http://www.ijsrp.org/research_paper_may2012/rp32.html

Bossaert, G., Doumen, S., Bugse, E., & Verschueren, K. (2011). Predicting student’s academic achievement after the transition to first grade: A two -year longitudinal study. Journal of Applied Development Psychology, 32, 47-57.

Ceballo, R., McLoyd, V., & Toyokawa, T. (2004). The influence of neighborhood quality on adolescents’ educational values and school efforts. Journal of Adolescent Research, 19(6), 716-739. https://www.academia.edu/61895976

Chen, J. J. L. (2009). Relation of parental, teacher and peer support to academic engagement and achievement among Hong Kong students. School Psychology Intern, 29,183-198. https://doi.org/10.3200/MONO.131.2.77-127

Codjoe, H. M. (2007). The importance of home environment and parental encouragement in the academic achievement of african-canadian youth. Canadian Journal of Education, 30 (1), 137-156. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ771850

Dzever, L. T. (2015). The impact of home environment factors on academic performance Of senior secondary school Students in garki area district, Abuja-Nigeria. Bulgarian Journal of Science and Education Policy (BJSEP), 9(1), 66-92. https://doaj.org/article/1bd6c2de7953425a8efa5ce1cb93a852

Eamon, M.K (2005). Social demographic, school, neighborhood, and parenting influences on academic achievement of Latino young adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 34(2), 163-175. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10964-005-3214-x

Faaz, M., & Khan, Z. N. (2017). A study of academic achievement of upper primary school students in relation to their socio-economic status. Asian Journals of Research in Social Science and Humanities, 7(6), 121-127. https:// 10.5958/2249-7315.2017.00336.7

Farooq, M. S., Chaudhry, A. H., Shafiq, M., & Berhanu, G. (2011). Factors affecting students’ quality of academic performance: A case of secondary school level. Journal of Quality and Technology Management, 8(2), 1-4. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/284150574

Frank, H. (2003). The effect of family background on the academic achievement of student in Introductory Technology. Reviews on Educational Research.

Hanes, B. (2008). The exploration of socioeconomic status and student achievement at Beverly elementary school. [Master’s thesis]. Marietta College.

Khalid, N. (2017). Effects of absenteeism on students’ performance. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 7(9), 25- 31. http://www.ijsrp.org/research-paper 0917.php?rp=P696781.

Khan, F. N., Begum, M., & Imad, M. (2019) .Relationship between students’ home environment and their academic achievement at secondary school level. Pakistan Journal of Distance & Online Learning Volume, 5(2), 223-234. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1266643.pdf

Kieti, J. M. (2012). An investigation into factors influencing students’ academic performance in public secondary schools in matungulu sub-county, Machakos County. [Master’s thesis]. South Eastern Kenya University

Makewa, N. L., Role, E. & Otewa, F. (2010). Parental factors affecting academic achievement of grade six pupils in Kisumu City, Kenya. International Journal of Asian Social Science, 2(11), 984-997. https://archive.aessweb.com/index.php/5007/article/view/2368

Mukama, E. (2010). Peer group influence, alcohol consumption and secondary school students' attitude towards school. [Master’s thesis]. Makerere University Kampala, Psychology and Counseling, Kampala.

Muola, J. (2010). A study of the relationship between academic achievement motivation and home environment among standard eight pupils. Journals of educational Research and Reviews, 5(5), 213-217. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ887341

Mwaura, G. P. (2014). Home-based factors influencing students’ performance in kcse in public day secondary schools in Lari District, Kiambu County. Nairobi. University of Nairobi.

Narad, N., & Abdullah, B. (2016). Academic performance of senior secondary school students: influence of parental encouragement and school environment. Rupkatha Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities, 8(2), 13-19. http://rupkatha.com/v8n2.php

Parveen, A. (2007). Effects of home environment on personality and academic achievements of students of grade 12 in Rawalpindi division. Research thesis, National University of Modren Languages, Islamabad, 32-41. https://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=

Razza, R.A., Martin, A. & Brooks-Gunn, J. (2010). Associations among family environment, sustained attention, and school readiness for low-income children. Developmental Psychology, 46, 1528-1542. https://doi. 10.1037/a0020389

Roby, D. E. (2004). Research on school attendance and student achievement: A study of Ohio schools. Educational Research Quarterly, 28(1), 3-16. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ714746

Rothman, S. (2001). School absence and student background factors: A multilevel analysis. International Education Journal, 2(1), 59-68. https://www.scirp.org/%28S%28351jmbntvnsjt1aadkposzje%29%29/reference/referencespapers.aspx?referenceid=1823203

Rouse, C. E., & Barrow, L. (2006). US Elementary and secondary schools: Equalizing opportunity or replicating the status quo?. The Future of Children, 99-123.

Sander, W. (2001). Chicago public schools and student achievement. Urban Education, 36(1), 27-38. https://doi. 10.1177/0042085901361003

Sekiwu, D., Ssempala, F., & Frances, N. (2020). Investigating the relationship between school attendance and academic performance in universal primary education: The case of Uganda. African Educational Research Journal, 8(2), 152-160. https://doi. 10.30918/AERJ.82.20.017

Sentamu, N.P. (2003). School’s influence of learning: A case of upper primary schools in Kampala & Wakiso Districts. Uganda Education of Journal, 4, 25-41. https://doi. 10.12691/education-1-8-3

Shah, M., Atta, A., Qureshi, M. I. & Shah, H. (2012). Impact of Socio-economic Status (SES) of Family on The Academic Achievement of Student. Gomel University Journal of Research, 28(1), 12-17. https://www.scirp.org/(S(lz5mqp453edsnp55rrgjct55

Zamudio, G. (2004). Student mobility: The relationship between student population stability and academic achievement. [PhD dissertation]. University of Arizona]. Arizona.




How to Cite

Zulfiqar, A. (2022). Effect of Home and Family Related Factors on Academic Achievement of Secondary School Students . JEHR Journal of Education And Humanities Research, University of Balochistan, 13(1), 166–176. Retrieved from http://journal.uob.edu.pk/journal/index.php/jehr/article/view/335